Turrialba Geography

Turrialba Costa Rica is varied and unusual

The town of Turrialba is geologically constituted by materials from the Cenozoic and Quaternary periods and with sedimentary rocks from the Cenozoic era being the ones that predominate in the region. From the Cenozoic period people have found rocks from sedimentary, volcanic and intrusive origin.

Scenic and beautiful Turrialba is located in the province of Cartago in Costa Rica. Known as the door to the Atlantic, this piece of paradise will take you out of the Central Valley and into the lowlands of the Caribbean through a scenic and fantastic road surrounded by sweeping valleys and rolling hills and the towering Turrialba volcano. It is the southeastern most Holocene volcano, a large vegetation-covered volcano located northeast of the Irazu Volcano.

Three well-defined craters are located at the upper end of a broad summit depression that is breached to the northeast. This colossus has been quiet since a series of explosive eruptions in the 19th century that were sometimes accompanied by pyrolastic flows. Fumaroles she saw as activity continues at the summit craters.

This area of Costa Rica is made up of fertile farmlands, stunning rustic scenery and bright green pastures blanketing the mountains, with hotels and lodges folded away into nooks in this bucolic environment. Turrialba’s principal activity is agriculture and here you can see large acreages of coffee, sugar cane and macadamia nuts, as well as the only milk processing plants and cattle ranches that are allowed to produce the popular Costa Rican “Queso Turrialba” or Turrialba cheese, their traditional cheese.

The town has approximately 80,000 habitants distributed in a 1,040 square miles area (1,664 square km). The constantly pleasant weather and friendly atmosphere make this a wonderful location to purchase real estate.

Besides the rivers and Guayabo National Monument, you can find the Aquiares Waterfalls, a beautiful example of a tropical rain forest waterfall. The massive 3340-m-high Turrialba Volcano is exceeded in height only by Irazú, covers an area of 500 sq km, and is one of Costa Rica’s most voluminous volcanoes. Three well-defined craters occur at the upper SW end of a broad 800 x 2200 m wide summit depression that is breached to the NE.

Five major explosive eruptions have occurred at Turrialba during the past 3500 years. Turrialba has been quiescent since a series of explosive eruptions during the 19th century that were sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows. Fumaroles activity continues at the central and SW summit craters.