History of Sarapiqui

Sarapiqui Costa Rica has a tough history

During the pre-Columbian era, the territory that is now belonging to the County of Sarapiqui, was inhabited by the Nation of the Voto, indigenous group from Costa Rica and belonged to the cultures of what was called the intermediate area. They used the in the north and region of the country right along the central volcanic mountain range and they lived in the mountains of Sarapiqui.

In the 50s a group called the Sarapiqui border watch became very famous and among their civil duties the Sarapiqui border watch used to attend to the conflicts that happened internally between groups of people who lived near the Sarapiqui River. The OC is the handle on commerce and trafficking among the San Juan River and the Sarapiqui River, this way they would avoid the introduction or illegal sale of prohibited merchandise or merchandise that was subject to taxes.

Among the most popular trafficking, cattle trafficking is to be the most usual one along with hunting animals, weapons, small boats and different objects to exchange. It was very common for delinquents to be chased by the law and they would try to cross the border or take refuge along the Sarapiqui River.

On Friday 23rd, July 1954 a group of armed people commanded by Claudio Mora Molina, an ex boxer, raised their weapons against the government and took the route through the mountains of Sarapiqui, following the same road that in times of the colony was the normal entry to the interior of the country and after that they robbed the national Bank of Sarapiqui.

On July 24, 1954 the leader of the Sarapiqui border watch and inspector of the Sarapiqui River, Capt. Hernan Rodríguez Murillo, took a stand and got shot by Mora Molina and died. After Capt. Rodriguez murder, the Ministry of exterior relations asked to some of its ambassadors to meet with the government and the press who were friends to divulge the news that this conflict already had it first victim and it was not justified.

This Capt. was the first victim in defense of this country since the abolition of the Army in 1948; he was the first victim of country who wanted no more dead people, no more victims. Rodriguez Murillo was a hero and still is and many events were celebrated in his honor.

It wasn’t until November 18, 1970 when Sarapiqui was actually constituted as a captain or County, the 10th of the Heredia province three districts constituting it.